Chapter 10 – The Millennium.



Gathering and return of the people of Israel.

The Millennium – a preview of the second, the New Creation.

The living conditions in Israel.

The world government in the Millennium.


The assignment to the appropriate time.

The "Millennium" is the period of time which follows immediately upon the "Day of the Lord". The event which links these two periods of time is – apart from the First Resurrection of the martyrs for life and reign on the earth – the return of the redeemed to the land of Israel. After that the Lord will move into the newly built temple in Jerusalem, Israel will defeat all its hostile neighbors and will become the head among the nations. The Lord will rule over the nations with the resurrected saints in peace and righteousness for a thousand years.

Subsequent to these one thousand years we await "the end of the world", a period of time which begins with the last futile fight of Satan against God and which ends with the Universal Judgment and the dissolution of the First Creation.

Gathering and return of the people of Israel.

In my opinion, an argumentation about the fact if the "one thousand years" mentioned in Rev 20:2,3,4,5,6,7 actually are a thousand years, is not necessary on account of the fact that it explicitly says here "a thousand years" for six times. Therefore we proceed from the assumption that a real thousand years are meant here and rather dedicate space and time to the analysis of the contents of this period of time.

After the reorganization of heaven and earth on the Day of the Lord, the gathering and return of the Israelites who remained all over the world to their land takes place at the beginning of the Millennium. At that time the people of Israel will change their ways and return to their God. Also the Gentiles will recognize the God of Israel and bring the Israelites from the Diaspora to their land.

I will gather them out of all the lands to which I have driven them.

Jer 32,36 "Now therefore thus says the LORD God of Israel concerning this city of which you say, ‘It is given into the hand of the king of Babylon by sword, by famine and by pestilence.’ 32,37 "Behold, I will gather them out of all the lands to which I have driven them in My anger, in My wrath and in great indignation; and I will bring them back to this place and make them dwell in safety. 32,38 "They shall be My people, and I will be their God; Jer 32,36–38;

The peoples will take them along and bring them to their place.

Isa 14,1 When the LORD will have compassion on Jacob and again choose Israel, and settle them in their own land, then strangers will join them and attach themselves to the house of Jacob. 14,2 The peoples will take them along and bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will possess them as an inheritance in the land of the LORD as male servants and female servants; and they will take their captors captive and will rule over their oppressors. Isa 14, 1– 2;

Their sons will come from afar, And your daughters will be carried in the arms.

Isa 60,4 "Lift up your eyes round about and see; They all gather together, they come to you. Your sons will come from afar, And your daughters will be carried in the arms. Isa 60, 4;

To bring your sons from afar, their silver and their gold with them, for the name of the LORD.

Isa 60,9 "Surely the coastlands will wait for Me; And the ships of Tarshish will come first, To bring your sons from afar, Their silver and their gold with them, For the name of the LORD your God, And for the Holy One of Israel because He has glorified you. Isa 60, 9;


A detailed description of these events can be found in chapter 09.

(See also Chapter 09: “”The return of the redeemed.”)


The Millennium – a preview of the second, the New Creation.

Irrespective of the fact that many Gentiles will come to faith in the Millennium – or rather to a change of their ways since they will see the Lord and therefore do not have to have “faith” in anything –, the Millennium is the fulfillment of all prophecies for the people of Israel – in contrast to the congregation of Jesus Christ, which does not have an earthly, but a heavenly promise. All promises of the Scriptures which relate to the Kingdom of Peace of the Messiah and with that also to Israel will find their fulfillment in that time.

In those interpretations which see the Millennium as a symbolic metaphor, the real background can be seen in most cases in the fact that there all promises which refer to Israel in the Scriptures are assigned to the "church" or to the congregation. And as one can hardly reinterpret more than seventy passages from the Scriptures of the Old Testament, which deal exclusively with the statements about the future of Israel in the kingdom of the Messiah, the entire Millennium is simply left out.

But also in the New Testament we have quite unambiguous statements about the fact that Israel can expect this special salvation. So Paul tells us – and with that at the same time all those who want to deny these promises to Israel – that we shall not consider ourselves wise in this respect.

Until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in all Israel will be saved.

Rom 11,25 For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery–so that you will not be wise in your own estimation–that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; 11,26 and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, "the deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob." 11,27 "This is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins." 11,28 From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God’s choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers; 11,29 for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 11,30 For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience, 11,31 so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy. Rom 11,25–31;


Therefore, the sense of the Millennium seems to be also to let the Gentiles recognize that God does not regret the appointment of Israel. On the contrary, as the text above, from Rom 11,30–32 tells us, Israel fell into disobedience because of us, in order that – after the fullness of the Gentiles has come in – also they are shown mercy and are saved, just as we were also shown mercy by God and were saved by him.

And also the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews calls upon the Israelites not to be deprived of the promise of the Messianic Kingdom due to unbelief. He compares this promise to the promise of the Promised Land after the Exodus from Egypt. At that time they had to stay in the desert for forty years until all people who did not believe in the Promised Land had died. The point at issue here is the rest which is promised to the people of Israel in the Millennium. Just as God took a rest on the seventh day after the six days of Creation, he also promised a "day of rest" for Israel for the end of times.

The disobedient were not able to enter because of unbelief.

Hbr 3,7 Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, "Today if you hear His voice, 3,8 do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me, as in the day of trial in the wilderness, 3,9 wher4e your fathers tried Me by testing Me and saw my works for forty years. 3,10 "therefore I was angry with this generation, and said, they always go astray in their heart, and they did not know my ways’; 3,11 as I swore in My wrath, ‘they shall not enter My rest.’" 3,12 Take care, brethren, that there not be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart that falls away from the living God. 3,13 But encourage one another day after day, as long as it is still called "Today," so that none of you will be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. 3,14 For we have become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our assurance firm until the end,

3,15 while it is said, "Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts, as when they provoked Me." 3,16 For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses? 3,17 And with whom was He angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness? 3,18 And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who were disobedient? 3,19 So we see that they were not able to enter because of unbelief. Heb 3, 7–19;

So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God.

Hbr 4,1Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. 4,2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. 4,3 For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, "as I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter in My rest," although His works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4,4 For He has said somewhere concerning the seventh day: "and God rested on the seventh day from all His works"; 4,5 and again in this passage, "they shall not enter My rest."

4,6 Therefore, since it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly had good news preached to them failed to enter because of disobedience, 4,7 He again fixes a certain day, "Today," saying through David after so long a time just as has been said before, "Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts." 4,8 For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that.

4,9 So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God.

4,10 For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. 4,11Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so that no one will fall, through following the same example of disobedience.4,12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two–edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart. 4,13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do. Heb 4, 1–13;


But the outward circumstances of this future epoch of time are at the same time also a preview of the New Creation, of the heavenly Jerusalem in the eternity of God. Therefore we recognize also in many prophecies for the Millennium a prefulfillment of God's promises for eternity – even if this prefulfillment is restricted, because it is an earthly one. This is also the reason why God's blessing will obviously only extend to Israel in the Millennium, and here especially to Jerusalem and why the "paradisiacal" conditions in the Millennium as they are described in the prophecies mainly concern the people of God (from all nations) in Israel and the land of Israel.

Contrary to the opinion of some exegetes unfortunately there cannot be found any proof in the Scriptures of the fact that the whole world – that is to say also the nations living then – will be under these blessings of God in the Millennium. All passages in this connection speak of "Zion" or, what is identical with that, "Jerusalem", "the land" (Israel) or "on my Mount" (Mount Zion) as the place of the events.

(See also Table 12: “The earthly and the heavenly Jerusalem.”)

We want to compare these parallels between Israel in the Millennium and the heavenly Jerusalem in the New Creation on the basis of some examples.

God will dwell with them, he will be their God, and they will be his people.

My dwelling place also will be with them; and I will be their God, and they will be My people.

Eze 37,26 "I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be a covenant for world–time with them. And I will place them and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in their midst for world–time. 37,27 " My dwelling place also will be with them; and I will be their God, and they will be My people. 37,28 "And the nations will know that I am the LORD who sanctifies Israel, when My sanctuary is in their midst for world–time (cs. Buber)."‘"Eze 37,26–28;


The text above from Eze 37,26–28 is based upon the German translation of Martin Buber with intention. When we read this passage from the Scriptures in the German version by Luther, there is talk of the "everlasting covenant" and the sanctuary shall be among them "forever". This is not the case with Buber, who sticks to the original text as close as possible. There it says "covenant for world–time" and the sanctuary will be in their midst "for world–time".

And here we meet with one of those difficulties with the text, which sometimes outlast centuries due to an inexact or superficial translation and often conceal the right point of view in exegesis. Many passages in the prophets of the Old Testament which – still in our present translations – are translated with "everlasting", "in eternity" or "forever", do not really mean eternally, that is to say extending to the New Creation of God in the days of eternity, but only "until the end of days", that is to say until the end of the world.

Martin Buber was the first one who pointed out this subtle difference and translated these passages completely correctly with "for world–time" (instead of everlasting) and "covenant for world–time" (instead of everlasting covenant). Only with this understanding it can be found out which texts do actually belong to the Millennium – which takes place still in the "world–time" – and which texts already belong to the New Creation of God, to the heavenly Jerusalem. The text from Isa 61,8 may serve as an example of this:

I will faithfully give them their recompense and make an everlasting covenant with them.

Isa 61,8 For I, the LORD, love justice, I hate robbery in the burnt offering; And I will faithfully give them their recompense And make an everlasting covenant with them. 61,9 Then their offspring will be known among the nations, And their descendants in the midst of the peoples. All who see them will recognize them Because they are the offspring whom the LORD has blessed. Isa 61, 8– 9;


If here this covenant with Israel in verse Isa 61,8 actually applied eternally, that is to say also in the New Creation, the statement in the next verse: "Then their offspring will be known among the nations …" would not be understandable, since there will not be any Gentiles in the heavenly Jerusalem. Therefore Buber translates here correctly with "covenant for world–time", that is to say no everlasting covenant, but a covenant that is made for the time in which the world still exists, namely until the end of this world.

In the following text from Eze 37,25 the consequences of exegesis can be seen quite clearly:

They will live on it forever; and David My servant will be their prince forever.

Eze 37, 24 "My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd; and they will walk in My ordinances and keep My statutes and observe them. 37,25 "They will live on the land that I gave to Jacob My servant, in which your fathers lived; and they will live on it, they, and their sons and their sons’ sons, forever; and David My servant will be their prince forever. Eze 37,25;


These statements presented difficulties to a good many interpreters since "forever" means "everlasting". But in eternity it will not be David who will be the prince but Jesus Christ will rule with the Father. And so David was simply made "Christ" on the grounds that Christ is an offspring of David (Jer 23:5), and therefore "David" would actually mean Christ here.

But with this false conclusion in the analysis one did not realize that it is not Christ in the days of eternity, who is meant here, but actually David, who will be raised from the dead by God and who will be prince over Israel in the Millennium (Eze 37,24), whereas the Lord Jesus will be the king of the world over all princes of the nations in this kingdom of his. Buber translates both passages with "world–time" – that is to say the time in which this world still exists – and gives these prophecies their true sense back with that.

We find similar connections for instance also in Isaiah 32:14; Jeremiah 31:4;50:5; Ezekiel 43:7,9, Joel 3:20; Obadiah 1:10; Micah 4:5; and many others.

The following two examples shall show that there are, however, also statements in the Scriptures which actually refer to the days of eternity and therefore also have to be translated with "everlasting".

Israel will not be put to shame or humiliated to all eternity.

Isa 45,17 Israel has been saved by the LORD With an everlasting salvation; You will not be put to shame or humiliated to all eternity. Isa 45,17;

We will walk In the name of the LORD our God forever and ever.

Mi 4,5 Though all the peoples walk Each in the name of his god, As for us, we will walk In the name of the LORD our God forever and ever. Mi 4, 5;


As Luther's translation has already assigned another meaning to the properly speaking absolute expression "everlasting" – as we have seen above (world-time) – one had to make the rather inappropriate attempt to find a comparative for these passages from the Scriptures and hit upon "forever and ever". And as Buber did not use the word "everlasting" anywhere improperly, he can use here "everlasting" – in the concrete sense of the word – and translates these two texts with "everlasting" and "to all eternity".

So we can assign the text from Eze 37,26–28 quoted at the beginning unequivocally to the Millennium and compare it with corresponding statements for the New Creation, in Rev 21,3–4.

New Creation:

He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them.

Rev 21,3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, 21,4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away." Rev 21, 3– 4;

The Lord is the light in Zion, they do not need the sun nor the moon.

Millennium:

No longer will you have the sun for light by day, nor for brightness will the moon give you light.

Isa 60,19 " No longer will you have the sun for light by day, Nor for brightness will the moon give you light; But you will have the LORD for an everlasting light, And your God for your glory. 60,20 "Your sun will no longer set, Nor will your moon wane; For you will have the LORD for an everlasting light, And the days of your mourning will be over. Isa 60,19–20;


Although no further argumentation is necessary here, in order to assign this text to the Millennium – in the context there is talk about the "cedars of Lebanon" and other circumstances, which do not have any justification in the heavenly Jerusalem – we find also here the mistake in the translation described above. In verse Isa 60,19 we have again the statement "you will have the Lord for an everlasting light" although there is no talk of "everlasting" in the original text. Therefore Buber also translates "for HE himself is your light for the world–time, your God".

Nevertheless it can be easily recognized that also here the heavenly Jerusalem of Rev 21 is already anticipated. While, however, there, in the New Creation, a sun and a moon do not exist at all any more, here in the Millennium these conditions, and also some others, such as outpouring of the Holy Spirit, fertility of the soil, etc. only apply to Zion and Israel.

In Zion God will take up lodgings in the temple, and there the glory of the Lord will shine that bright that men will see neither the sun nor the moon and will not need them as light either. The fact that the converted Gentiles as well as the people of Israel will celebrate the Sabbath and each new moon in honor of their God – as it is commanded in the regulations for the sacrificial service in the Millennium by the prophet Ezekiel – proves, however, that there will remain both the sun and the moon (namely new moon) in the Millennium.

The people of the land shall also worship before the LORD on the sabbaths and on the new moons.

Eze 46,3 "The people of the land shall also worship at the doorway of that gate before the LORD on the sabbaths and on the new moons.

46,4 "The burnt offering which the prince shall offer to the LORD on the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish and a ram without blemish; 46,5 and the grain offering shall be an ephah with the ram, and the grain offering with the lambs as much as he is able to give, and a hin of oil with an ephah.

46,6 "On the day of the new moon he shall offer a young bull without blemish, also six lambs and a ram, which shall be without blemish. Eze 46, 3– 6;


But from this connection also quite an important conclusion can be drawn with respect to the congregation at our time today. Paul tells us in the Epistle to the Colossians:

Which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ.

Col 2,16Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day– 2,17 things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. Col 2,16–17;


Paul tells us here on the one hand that these commandments and rules are fulfilled for us faithful Christians in our Lord Jesus Christ and that they therefore do not require a separate observation by us. He even warns us against heretics proclaiming false doctrines, who could tempt us into following such commandments.

On the other hand, however, he also points out to us that all of this is a "shadow of what is to come" and thus gives us to understand that he knows the prophecies of the prophets of the Old Testament very well with regard to the Messianic Kingdom and that he knows to rate them correctly. He knows that there will be such commandments and festivals again – in future – in the Millennium.

When we ask ourselves now why these commandments were prescribed in the old Israel, why they are not prescribed today, and why they then, in the Millennium, have to be observed again, we see strictly speaking only one difference: Whenever God is in direct contact with his people – in former times as column of fire or column of smoke and with the order to the prophets to prophesy, afterward, in the Millennium, as visible and audible God in the temple in Jerusalem – these commandments of veneration and thanksgiving are required. In the time in between, that is to say also in our time today, where God is neither visible nor audible, where there are not any prophets any more either, it is faith alone – to be more precise the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ – which establishes the connection between our God and us.

Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.

Jn 20,28 Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!" 20,29 Jesus said to him, "Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed." Jn 20,28–29;


So it is the Christian faith that does not see and nevertheless believes which is beatified here also by the Lord. These faithful do not need any revelation of the Lord in order to believe in him. They do not need any special ceremonies, huge churches or pompous liturgies either in order to prove their faith to themselves and to their environment. Their belief is in their hearts, and the daily conversation with their God does not take place in churches, by means of loudspeakers and in well–formulated words, but in our inner room, in spirit and often in tears and desperation.

However, this belief does not remain hidden for the environment for that reason. The Lord has shown to us how we can recognize the "good tree".

So then, you will know them by their fruits.

Mt 7,17 "So every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 7,18 "A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 7,19 "Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 7,20 "So then, you will know them by their fruits. 7,21"Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. Mt 7,17–21;


So, it is not the position, the rank, luxurious clothes, eloquence or other outward appearances, which make up the true Christian, but his inner character and the behavior toward his fellow men and the entire Creation resulting from that. So, if we discover through such a behavior of a man that he endeavors to do God's will, we should give him our love – no matter, how high or low his rank may be.

So, while in the Millennium the illuminating power of the sun and the moon will be "eclipsed and outshined" in the true sense of the word due to the shining glory of the Lord, who will dwell in the temple in Jerusalem, according to Isa 60,19, there will actually be no celestial bodies any more then, in the New Creation. The people in the heavenly Jerusalem do not need any sun or moon to light the way for them by day or at night. It is the glory of God, which will light the way for them – and this time really eternally – and the Lamb will be their light and therefore there will not be any night any more.

New Creation:

And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God illumined it.

Rev 21,23 And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 21,24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. 21,25 In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; Rev 21,23–25;

Jerusalem lies on a high mountain.

Millennium:

In the last days the mountain Zion will be established as the chief of the mountains.

Mi 4,1 And it will come about in the last days That the mountain of the house of the LORD Will be established as the chief of the mountains. It will be raised above the hills, And the peoples will stream to it. 4,2 Many nations will come and say, "Come and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD And to the house of the God of Jacob, That He may teach us about His ways And that we may walk in His paths." For from Zion will go forth the law, Even the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. Mi 4, 1– 2;

Get yourself up on a high mountain, O Jerusalem.

Isa 40,9 Get yourself up on a high mountain, O Zion, bearer of good news, Lift up your voice mightily, O Jerusalem, bearer of good news; Lift it up, do not fear. Say to the cities of Judah, "Here is your God!" 40,10 Behold, the Lord GOD will come with might, With His arm ruling for Him. Behold, His reward is with Him And His recompense before Him. Isa 40, 9–10;


When heaven and earth are reorganized on the Day of the Lord by means of worldwide earthquakes and the destruction of all cities, three striking topographical changes emerge for the land of Israel and the city of Jerusalem (Mount Zion). In order to facilitate the return home to Israel for the redeemed of the Lord from all over the world, the whole land will be turned into a huge plain, the "Highway of Holiness".

Mountains are lowered and valleys are raised in order to make the land a plane path.

Bar 5,5 Arise, Jerusalem, come up to the top and stand on high, and look around toward the east and look at your children, who are gathered from the west and from the east by the word of the Holy One and who rejoice that God had not forgotten them this time either! 5,6 They set out from you on foot, led away by the enemies.; but God will bring them to you, exalted with honor as children of the kingdom. 5,7 For God wants to lower all high mountains and the everlasting hills and to fill up the valleys to make them even with the ground so that Israel can go home safely under the glory of God. Bar 5, 5– 7;

A highway will be there, a roadway for the redeemed, and it will be called the Highway of Holiness.

Isa 35,8 A highway will be there, a roadway, And it will be called the Highway of Holiness. The unclean will not travel on it, But it will be for him who walks that way, And fools will not wander on it. 35,9 No lion will be there, Nor will any vicious beast go up on it; These will not be found there. But the redeemed will walk there, 35,10 And the ransomed of the LORD will return And come with joyful shouting to Zion, With everlasting joy upon their heads. They will find gladness and joy, And sorrow and sighing will flee away. Isa 35, 8–10;


As we have learned above, in Mi 4,1–2 and Isa 40,9–10, Mount Zion with the temple of God will be the highest mountain and Jerusalem will lie on this mountain. And in Ps 48,3 it is prophesied that this mountain will lie "in the far north".

Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion in the far north.

Ps 48,2 Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth, Is Mount Zion in the far north, The city of the great King. 48,3 God, in her palaces, Has made Himself known as a stronghold. Ps 48, 2– 3;


A detailed analysis of these statements can be found in chapter 08.

(See also Chapter 08: “The reorganization of heaven and earth.”)

With the prophet Ezekiel we find then also instructions for the construction of the temple in the Millennium as well as for the reconstruction of the city of Jerusalem.

The measurements of the city of Jerusalem in the Millennium 4500 cubits on all sides.

Eze 48,16 " These shall be its measurements: the north side 4,500 cubits, the south side 4,500 cubits, the east side 4,500 cubits, and the west side 4,500 cubits. 48,17 "The city shall have open spaces: on the north 250 cubits, on the south 250 cubits, on the east 250 cubits, and on the west 250 cubits. 48,18 "The remainder of the length alongside the holy allotment shall be 10,000 cubits toward the east and 10,000 toward the west; and it shall be alongside the holy allotment. And its produce shall be food for the workers of the city. 48,19 "The workers of the city, out of all the tribes of Israel, shall cultivate it. Eze 48,16–19;


The dimensions of the city on each of its sides shall be 4,500 cubits. If you convert this into meters, this comes to a length of a side of about 2,220 m. And if we compare this figure with the data in the Revelation here below, in Rev 21,16, about the new, the heavenly Jerusalem, we see an amazing connection.

New Creation:

He measured the city, twelve thousand furlongs; its length and width and height are equal.

Rev 21,16 The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, twelve thousand furlongs; its length and width and height are equal. Rev 21,16;


Twelve thousand stadiums correspond to approximately 2,220 km. And with that the Jerusalem of the New Creation would be exactly a thousand times larger than the Jerusalem of the Millennium.

But there is even a further correspondence between earthly and heavenly Jerusalem. The statement from Rev 21,16 does not only refer to the "length and width" of the city, but also the "height of the city" has the same dimensions. Therefore, some people want to see the heavenly Jerusalem as a "dice" with equal lengths of the edges. But this is very unlikely and if we take a closer look at it, it cannot be necessarily concluded from the text either. It is rather to be assumed that the form of the city corresponds to a pyramid with an uppermost height of the top of 12,000 stadiums and that therewith the heavenly Jerusalem – just as the earthly one in the Millennium –, lies on a "high mountain", which is maybe a thousand times higher than that in the Millennium as well.

(See also Chapter 14: “The New Creation.”)

Living water coming from the throne of God.

Millennium:

Water was flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east.

Eze 47,1Then he brought me back to the door of the house; and behold, water was flowing from under the threshold of the house toward the east, for the house faced east. And the water was flowing down from under, from the right side of the house, from south of the altar. Eze 47, 1;

Living waters will flow out of Jerusalem.

Zech 14,8And in that day living waters will flow out of Jerusalem, half of them toward the eastern sea and the other half toward the western sea; it will be in summer as well as in winter. Zech 14, 8;

New Creation:

And there is no longer any sea.

Rev 21,1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer any sea. Rev 21, 1;

A river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

Rev 22,1Then he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb. Rev 22, 1;

On both sides of the river many trees.

Millennium:

On the bank of the river there were very many trees on the one side and on the other.

Eze 47,6 He said to me, "Son of man, have you seen this?" Then he brought me back to the bank of the river. 47,7 Now when I had returned, behold, on the bank of the river there were very many trees on the one side and on the other. 47,8 Then he said to me, "These waters go out toward the eastern region and go down into the Arabah; then they go toward the sea, being made to flow into the sea, and the waters of the sea become fresh. 47,9 "It will come, about that every living creature which swarms in every place where the river goes, will live. And there will be very many fish, for these waters go there and the others become fresh; so everything will live where the river goes. Eze 47, 6– 9;


New Creation:

On either side of the river was the tree of life.

Rev 22,2 in the middle of its street. On either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. Rev 22, 2;

The living conditions in Israel.

The age of men.

The life expectancy of men which will obviously correspond to the one before the Flood and which will amount to roughly speaking 1,000 years (Isa 65,20), as well as lions that eat straw and bears that graze together with cattle, and a little boy who drives calves and lions together to the pasture (Isa 11:6-8), will evidently only be possible in Israel. For there – and only there – will not be any sin (Isa 11:9). This is also confirmed below by Isa 65,25, where all these blessings are restricted to Israel, when it says, "They will do no evil nor harm in all My holy mountain". The rest of the peoples will presumably live under similar conditions like today.

The youth will die at the age of one hundred, who does not reach this age will be thought accursed.

Isa 65,18 "But be glad and rejoice forever in what I create; For behold, I create Jerusalem for rejoicing And her people for gladness. 65,19 "I will also rejoice in Jerusalem and be glad in My people; And there will no longer be heard in her The voice of weeping and the sound of crying. 65,20 "No longer will there be in it an infant who lives but a few days, Or an old man who does not live out his days; For the youth will die at the age of one hundred And the one who does not reach the age of one hundred Will be thought accursed. Isa 65,18–20;

For as the lifetime of a tree, so will be the days of My people.

Isa 65,21 "They will build houses and inhabit them; They will also plant vineyards and eat their fruit. 65,22 "They will not build and another inhabit, They will not plant and another eat; For as the lifetime of a tree, so will be the days of My people, And My chosen ones will wear out the work of their hands. 65,23 "They will not labor in vain, Or bear children for calamity; For they are the offspring of those blessed by the LORD, And their descendants with them. Isa 65,21–23;

They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain, says the LORD.

Isa 65,24 "It will also come to pass that before they call, I will answer; and while they are still speaking, I will hear. 65,25 "The wolf and the lamb will graze together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox; and dust will be the serpent’s food. They will do no evil or harm in all My holy mountain," says the LORD. Isa 65,24–25;

Old men and old women will sit in Jerusalem, each man with his staff in his hand because of age

Zech 8,3 "Thus says the LORD, ‘I will return to Zion and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Then Jerusalem will be called the City of Truth, and the mountain of the LORD of hosts will be called the Holy Mountain.’

8,4 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘Old men and old women will again sit in the streets of Jerusalem, each man with his staff in his hand because of age. 8,5 ‘And the streets of the city will be filled with boys and girls playing in its streets. Zech 8, 3– 5;


So, the people in Israel will get very old. "Someone who is a hundred years old (today approximately a ten–year old child) will be called a boy”. We can conclude from that that the age of the people in Israel will increase tenfold and will amount to approximately a thousand years. This also corresponds with the statement in verse Isa 65,22, where it says, "For as the lifetime of a tree, there will be the days of My people". Thus these people will reach again the age which Noah and his contemporaries had reached.

The outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

Also the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in the Millennium is restricted to the people of Israel. Here, one has to take into account that the outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the Christians started at Pentecost and was finished with the return of the Lord before the Millennium.

I will pour out My Spirit on your offspring And My blessing on your descendants.

Isa 44,1"But now listen, O Jacob, My servant, And Israel, whom I have chosen: 44,2 Thus says the LORD who made you And formed you from the womb, who will help you, ‘Do not fear, O Jacob My servant; And you Jeshurun whom I have chosen.

44,3 ‘For I will pour out water on the thirsty land And streams on the dry ground; I will pour out My Spirit on your offspring And My blessing on your descendants; 44,4 And they will spring up among the grass Like poplars by streams of water.’

44,5 "This one will say, ‘I am the LORD’S’; And that one will call on the name of Jacob; And another will write on his hand, ‘Belonging to the LORD,’ And will name Israel’s name with honor. Isa 44, 1– 5;

I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes.

Eze 36,24 "For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land. 36,25"Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 36,26 "Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.

36,27 "I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances.

36,28 "You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God.

36,29 "Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you. 36,30 "I will multiply the fruit of the tree and the produce of the field, so that you will not receive again the disgrace of famine among the nations. 36,31 "Then you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good, and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and your abominations. 36,32 "I am not doing this for your sake," declares the Lord GOD, "let it be known to you. Be ashamed and confounded for your ways, O house of Israel!" Eze 36,24-32;

I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace.

Zech 12,10 "I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn. Zech 12,10;

The remission of sins.

The outpouring of the Spirit of God is directly connected with the remission of sins. Also here we can see that Christians and Jews have completely different expectations of salvation. Whereas for Christians, provided that they have adopted the belief in Jesus Christ, the remission of sins and the inherence of the Holy Spirit have been possible for two thousand years and up to the return of the Lord, this promise will be fulfilled only after the appearance of the Lord for the Jews and for those Gentiles as well who come to the "faith" – or to be more precise to a conversion – only then.

In this connection it must be pointed out that if there is talk about the "Jews" here, it is not primarily the fact that these people belong to a certain race that is meant here, but the religious affiliation to the orthodox Jewish faith. This persuasion does see a great prophet in Jesus Christ, but has never recognized and acknowledged him as the Son of God, that is to say as the Messiah who was promised to them. Therefore they are still waiting for this Messiah even today.

This hope of theirs will be fulfilled in the Millennium then. However, they delayed their salvation that they were to expect for thousands of years with this blindness and thus detached themselves from the other faithful in Christ in time – irrespective of an identical final expectation.

In Israel there is a small group of approximately five thousand Jews who believe in Jesus Christ as the Messiah of God who has already come. They call themselves the "Jews believing in the Messiah". And, of course, today they are to be classed totally with the congregation and also can expect the same salvation as they. But also the Gentiles in the Millennium, who will then convert to the God of Israel, will have to be reckoned among this people of Israel and will share their expectation of salvation.

O people in Zion you will weep no longer. He will be gracious to you and He will answer you.

Isa 30,19 O people in Zion, inhabitant in Jerusalem, you will weep no longer. He will surely be gracious to you at the sound of your cry; when He hears it, He will answer you. Isa 30,19;

The people who dwell in Jerusalem will be forgiven their iniquity.

Isa 33,20 Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts; Your eyes will see Jerusalem, an undisturbed habitation, A tent which will not be folded; Its stakes will never be pulled up, Nor any of its cords be torn apart. 33,21 But there the majestic One, the LORD, will be for us A place of rivers and wide canals On which no boat with oars will go, And on which no mighty ship will pass–

33,22 For the LORD is our judge, The LORD is our lawgiver, The LORD is our king; He will save us– 33,23 Your tackle hangs slack; It cannot hold the base of its mast firmly, Nor spread out the sail. Then the prey of an abundant spoil will be divided; The lame will take the plunder.

33,24 And no resident will say, "I am sick"; The people who dwell there will be forgiven their iniquity. Isa 33,20–24;


But the outpouring of the spirit of God and the remission of sins in and for Israel effects even much more. It is the essential reason why in that time, in the Millennium, such a blessing lies on this people and   o n l y   on this people – including the converted Gentiles in Israel.

Then the land will not only be "full of the knowledge of the Lord", but no sin will be done anywhere either, as we can read here below, in Isa 11,1–10.

They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD.

Isa 11,1Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, And a branch from his roots will bear fruit. 11,2 The Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.

11,3 And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what His ears hear; 11,4 But with righteousness He will judge the poor, And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; And He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.

11,5 Also righteousness will be the belt about His loins, And faithfulness the belt about His waist. 11,6 And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them. 11,7 Also the cow and the bear will graze, Their young will lie down together, And the lion will eat straw like the ox.

11,8 The nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra, And the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den. 11,9 They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, For the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD As the waters cover the sea.

11,10Then in that day The nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will stand as a signal for the peoples; And His resting place will be glorious. Isa 11, 1–10;

The evil will be rooted out in Zion.

The Lord will rule in righteousness and wisdom and in the land of Israel the entire creation and all creatures will already be in the state which we can expect then in the New Creation, on the new earth, in the new Jerusalem on the whole.

The wolves will dwell with the lambs and the leopards will lie down with the goats. Young lions will be driven to the pasture together with calves by a little boy. And the bears will eat grass with the cows, just as the lions and leopards will do.

These animals are not new "breeds" at all. It is not a new creation of God either. It is the same lions, leopards, and bears, which formerly tore other animals and also men to pieces as their prey. It is the outpouring of the Spirit of God upon all creatures in this land of Israel which brought about these changes.

And in this text there is also one promise that becomes quite clear, which was in fact originally revealed by Paul to the Christians as a hope for the New Creation, but which unequivocally also becomes reality here in the Millennium, in Israel on the earth.

The creation itself also will be set free from corruption into the freedom of the children of God.

Rom 8,18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 8,19 For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God. 8,20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope 8,21 that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 8,22 For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. Rom 8,18–22;

The land will be fertile as it has never been before.

In the Millennium in Israel "the ploughing and the harvest will take place at the same time". Now we know that Israel is a very fertile land already today. Due to the favorable climatic influences there are several harvests a year. But nevertheless it is to be assumed that the situation in the Millennium will be an incomparably better one.

There will not be a winter any more in Israel at that time. There will be a constant, rather tropical climate all year round. Steady rainfalls at the appropriate time will accelerate the growth of the field crops and fruits of the trees so that sowing and harvest will be practically possible without any interruption.

The threshing floors will be full of grain, and the vats will overflow with the new wine and oil.

Joel 2,21 Do not fear, O land, rejoice and be glad, For the LORD has done great things. 2,22 Do not fear, beasts of the field, For the pastures of the wilderness have turned green, For the tree has borne its fruit, The fig tree and the vine have yielded in full. 2,23 So rejoice, O sons of Zion, And be glad in the LORD your God; For He has given you the early rain for your vindication. And He has poured down for you the rain, The early and latter rain as before. 2, 24 The threshing floors will be full of grain, And the vats will overflow with the new wine and oil. Joel 2,21–24;

There will be peace for the seed and the remnant of Israel will be a blessing among the nations.

Zech 8,11 ‘But now I will not treat the remnant of this people as in the former days,’ declares the LORD of hosts. 8,12 ‘For there will be peace for the seed: the vine will yield its fruit, the land will yield its produce and the heavenswill give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to inherit all these things. 8,13 ‘It will come about that just as you were a curse among the nations, O house of Judah and house of Israel, so I will save you that you may become a blessing. Do not fear; let your hands be strong.’ Zech 8,11–13;

The plowman will overtake the reaper and the treader of grapes him who sows seed.

Amos 11,13 "Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "When the plowman will overtake the reaper And the treader of grapes him who sows seed; When the mountains will drip sweet wine And all the hills will be dissolved. Amos 9,13;

The fruit of the land will be the pride and the adornment of the survivors of Israel.

Isa 4,2 In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and the adornment of the survivors of Israel. 4,3 It will come about that he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy–everyone who is recorded for life in Jerusalem. Isa 4, 2– 3;


This climatic change in Israel, but also the change of the climate of the whole world, could have been caused by the displacement of the earth's axis or even of the ecliptic of the planet due to the effects of the global earthquake catastrophes at the reorganization of heaven and earth and with that the position of the land of Israel with respect to insolation and rainfalls could have been altered positively.

I will make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken from its place.

Isa 13,13 Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, And the earth will be shaken from its place At the fury of the LORD of hosts In the day of His burning anger. 13,14 And it will be that like a hunted gazelle, Or like sheep with none to gather them, They will each turn to his own people, And each one flee to his own land. Isa 13,13–14;

They will rebuild the ancient ruins and inhabit the cities again.

When God gathers the Israelites in the last days and leads them back to their land, they will find the houses destroyed and the fields devastated. What had not been devastated at the catastrophes of the reorganization of heaven and earth was demolished and destroyed by the occupation forces.

But now the people of Israel will settle down to work. They will rebuild the ancient ruins and will repair the ruined cities. They will plough the land and will make the fields fertile.

Then they will rebuild the ancient ruins and repair the ruined cities.

Isa 64,4 Then they will rebuild the ancient ruins, They will raise up the former devastations; And they will repair the ruined cities, The desolations of many generations. Isa 61, 4;

I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt.

Eze 36,33 ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, "On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt. 36,34 "The desolate land will be cultivated instead of being a desolation in the sight of everyone who passes by. Eze 36,33–34;

Then the nations that are left round about you will know that I, the LORD, have rebuilt.

Eze 36,35 "They will say, ‘This desolate land has become like the garden of Eden; and the waste, desolate and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited.’ 36,36 "Then the nations that are left round about you will know that I, the LORD, have rebuilt the ruined places and planted that which was desolate; I, the LORD, have spoken and will do it." Eze 36,35–36;

Crowds of people will flock to Israel.

The population of Israel will increase tremendously. There will be throngs of people who will set out for Israel. We have to bear in mind that in the catastrophes of the Judgment on the Day of the Lord, all people on the earth saw and realized that the power of man, his sophisticated technology, his weapons and strategies are a quantité négligeable, that is to say a magnitude to be neglected, compared to the power of God.

And as God revealed himself at these judgments to the men on earth – he appeared to all of them in the "great darkness" and he lit up the whole world with his glory – those who survived do not have any doubts any more either that there is a – and just this one – God.

Jerusalem will be inhabited without walls because of the multitude of men and cattle within it.

Zech 2,1 Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a man with a measuring line in his hand. 2,2 So I said, "Where are you going?" And he said to me, "To measure Jerusalem, to see how wide it is and how long it is." 2,3 And behold, the angel who was speaking with me was going out, and another angel was coming out to meet him, 2,4 and said to him, "Run, speak to that young man, saying, ‘Jerusalem will be inhabited without walls because of the multitude of men and cattle within it. Zech 2, 1– 4;

Zion lift up your eyes and look around; all of them gather together, they come to you.

Isa 49,14 But Zion said, "The LORD has forsaken me, And the Lord has forgotten me." 49,15 "Can a woman forget her nursing child And have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, but I will not forget you. 49,16 "Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; Your walls are continually before Me. 49,17 "Your builders hurry; Your destroyers and devastators Will depart from you. 49,18 "Lift up your eyes and look around; All of them gather together, they come to you. As I live," declares the LORD, "You will surely put on all of them as jewels and bind them on as a bride. Isa 49,14–18;

As soon as Zion travailed, she also brought forth her sons.

Isa 66,7 "Before she travailed, she brought forth; Before her pain came, she gave birth to a boy. 66,8 "Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things? Can a land be born in one day? Can a nation be brought forth all at once? As soon as Zion travailed, she also brought forth her sons. 66,9 "Shall I bring to the point of birth and not give delivery?" says the LORD. "Or shall I who gives delivery shut the womb?" says your God.

66,10 "Be joyful with Jerusalem and rejoice for her, all you who love her; Be exceedingly glad with her, all you who mourn over her, 66,11 That you may nurse and be satisfied with her comforting breasts, That you may suck and be delighted with her bountiful bosom."

66,12 For thus says the LORD, "Behold, I extend peace to her like a river, And the glory of the nations like an overflowing stream; And you will be nursed, you will be carried on the hip and fondled on the knees. 66,13 "As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you; And you will be comforted in Jerusalem." Isa 66, 7–13;

Your desolate and destroyed land– Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants.

Isa 49,19 " For your waste and desolate places and your destroyed land – Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, And those who swallowed you will be far away. 49,20 "The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears, ‘The place is too cramped for me; Make room for me that I may live here.’ Isa 49,19–20;

The number of the sons of Israel will be like the sand of the sea.

Hos 1,10 Yet the number of the sons of Israel Will be like the sand of the sea, Which cannot be measured or numbered; And in the place Where it is said to them, "You are not My people," It will be said to them, "You are the sons of the living God." Hos 1,10;

(See also Chapter 04: “The Great Darkness.”)


Also the Gentiles will come to the God of Israel.

But those who flock to Jerusalem will not be only Israelites. The "Gentiles who could escape", that is to say those men from the nations of the world, who survived the catastrophes on the Day of the Lord and adopted the belief in the one and only God, want to go to the then actually "Promised Land", too.

And the whole world realizes "Our fathers have inherited nothing but falsehood, futility and things of no profit." And they follow the offer of God, who shouts at them, "Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God, and there is no other."

Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God, and there is no other.

Isa 45,20 "Gather yourselves and come; Draw near together, you fugitives of the nations; They have no knowledge, Who carry about their wooden idol And pray to a god who cannot save. 45,21 "Declare and set forth your case; Indeed, let them consult together. Who has announced this from of old? Who has long since declared it? Is it not I, the LORD? And there is no other God besides Me, A righteous God and a Savior; There is none except Me. 45,22 "Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God, and there is no other. Isa 45,20–22;

They come from the ends of the earth and say, Our fathers have inherited nothing but falsehood.

Jer 16,19 O LORD, my strength and my stronghold, And my refuge in the day of distress, To You the nations will come From the ends of the earth and say, "Our fathers have inherited nothing but falsehood, Futility and things of no profit." 16,20 Can man make gods for himself? Yet they are not gods! Jer 16,19–20;

The men from all the nations will say to the Jews: Let us go with you, for God is with you.

Zech 8,20 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘It will yet be that peoples will come, even the inhabitants of many cities. 8,21 ‘The inhabitants of one will go to another, saying, "Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts; I will also go."

8,22 ‘So many peoples and mighty nations will come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the LORD.’ 8,23 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘In those days ten men from all the nations will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, "Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you."‘" Zech 8,20–23;

The men from all the nations will say to the Jews: Let us go with you, for God is with you.

Zech 8,20 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘It will yet be that peoples will come, even the inhabitants of many cities. 8,21 ‘The inhabitants of one will go to another, saying, "Let us go at once to entreat the favor of the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts; I will also go."

8,22 ‘So many peoples and mighty nations will come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem and to entreat the favor of the LORD.’ 8,23 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘In those days ten men from all the nations will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, "Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you."‘" Zech 8,20–23;

The temple will be rebuilt.

Also the third temple was devastated by the earthquakes on the Day of the Lord and is lying in ruins now. Now it will be rebuilt. In the book Ezekiel, in the chapters 40 to 43 we have detailed instructions how this temple is to be built.

The temple will be rebuilt.

Eze 40,1 – 46,24 Instructions to build a new temple. Eze 40:1–49; Eze 41:1–26; Eze 42:1–20; Eze 43:1–27;


And as we read above, in Zech 8,23, "In those days ten men from all the nations will grasp the garment of a Jew saying, 'Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is with you’", according to Zech 6,15 also foreigners will come and assist in the building of the temple.

Those who are far off will come and build the temple of the LORD.

Zech 6,15 "Those who are far off will come and build the temple of the LORD."Then you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you. And it will take place if you completely obey the LORD your God. Zech 6,15;

And there shall no longer be a trader in the house of the LORD of hosts in that day.

Zech 14,20 In that day there will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, "HOLY TO THE LORD." And the cooking pots in the LORD’S house will be like the bowls before the altar.

14,21 Every cooking pot in Jerusalem and in Judah will be holy to the LORD of hosts; and all who sacrifice will come and take of them and boil in them. And there shall no longer be a trader in the house of the LORD of hosts on that day. Zech 14,20–21;

The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former.

Hag 2,6 "For thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘Once more in a little while, I am going to shake the heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land. 2,7 ‘I will shake all the nations; and they will come with the wealth of all nations, and I will fill this house with glory,’ says the LORD of hosts. 2,8 ‘The silver is Mine and the gold is Mine,’ declares the LORD of hosts. 2,9 ‘The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘and in this place I will give peace,’ declares the LORD of hosts." Hag 2, 6– 9;


Now the above text from Hag 2,6–9 displays also here the prophetical principle of multiple revelation. On the one hand the first revelation took place under Herod, who turned the second temple that was reconstructed under Serubbabel into the eighth wonder of the world.

The spiritual fulfillment of this prophesy in the symbolic "house of the congregation" which is interpreted by some exegetes may be shared as far as the faith is concerned, but as far as the lexical meaning of this text is concerned: "The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former", two buildings are unmistakably compared to each other here. Therefore a temple must be meant here which is to come later in history.

Therefore another interpretation, which relates this prophesy to the second, the New Creation, does not hold water because there will not be any temple any more in the New Creation, as Rev 21,22 tells us.

I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God and the Lamb are its temple.

Rev 21,22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. Rev 21,22;


So, if above, in Hag 2,9, there is talk about the future glory of this house, one has to think of a building and it can be hardly related to "God the Almighty… and the Lamb".

So, as final fulfillment there remains the one in the Millennium, which also fulfills all other criteria of this text, too – the nations (Gentiles) come to the temple (that means they are converted and come to the God of Israel), they bring their treasures and the Lord will give salvation at this place.

So, here, in the Millennium, the nations bring their treasures to Zion, to the temple, on the altar of the Lord as a sacrifice which is well pleasing to God. Later on, in the New Creation, the splendor and the affluence of the nations will be brought into the city, the new Jerusalem, for there will not be a temple any more, but God the Almighty and the Lamb will be their temple (Rev 21,22–24).

A circumstance which often is not perceived in the interpretation is the fact that between today and the Millennium there will be even a further – a third – temple built and also destroyed again.

He will stop to sacrifice and grain offering; in the temple there will be abomination of desolation.

Dan 9,26 Then after the sixty–two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.

9,27 And he will make hard the covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and in the temple there will be abomination of desolation, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate. Dan 9,26–27;


Above, in Dan 9,27, we read the statement that "in the sanctuary" there will be abomination of desolation. There is no doubt that by this "sanctuary" the temple in Jerusalem is meant. This is also confirmed to us by the hint that sacrifices and meal offerings are to be abolished. For according to Jewish law, sacrifices and meal offerings can only be sacrificed if there is a temple with an altar.

But as the verse before, Dan 9,26 tells us: "…the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary…" Titus destroyed the city and the temple in 70, and since that time there is no temple any more and no divine service either in Jerusalem.

We realize here very well that between Dan 9,26: "…and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary …" and the next verse, Dan 9,27: "… and in the temple there will be abomination of desolation …" (Mt 24:15;!) there is a period of up to now nearly two thousand years.

This long time without any divine service is also prophesied by the prophet Hosea.

For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without sacrifice.

Hos 3,4 For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar and without ephod or household idols. 3,5 Afterward the sons of Israel will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king; and they will come trembling to the LORD and to His goodness in the last days. Hos 3, 4– 5;


And Hosea adds here that "afterward" the Israelites will return to their God and seek him and their king David trembling. This refers unmistakably to the Millennium, to the time when the people of Israel will be gathered and brought to their land and when David – after he has been raised from the dead by God – will be prince in Israel.

But from that we can draw the conclusion that at the time of the Antichrist (seventieth week of seven years) there will be a temple, a fact that is not the case today. Also Paul confirms this in 2The 2,1–4.

He who opposes takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God.

2The 2,1Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, 2,2 that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. 2,3 Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, 2,4 who opposes and exalts himself above every so–called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God. 2The 2, 1– 4;


The consideration that this third temple will now also be the temple which will be consecrated in the Millennium, fails because of two essential statements of the Scriptures. In the first place because of the logical consequence that also Jerusalem with its temple will be destroyed at the global earthquake on the Day of the Lord and that it will therefore lie in ruins at the coming of the Lord to Zion, in the Millennium. This is also told to us by several passages from the Scriptures, such as for instance:

The Lord restores Zion, shout joyfully together, you waste places of Jerusalem.

Isa 52,8 Listen! Your watchmen lift up their voices, They shout joyfully together; For they will see with their own eyes When the LORD restores Zion. 52,9 Break forth, shout joyfully together, You waste places of Jerusalem; For the LORD has comforted His people, He has redeemed Jerusalem. Isa 52, 8–9;


And in the second place because of the fact that according to Zech 6,15 and other passages from the Scriptures, in the Millennium, under the reign of the Messiah, a new temple will be built, and that even the converted Gentiles will assist in the building of this temple.

Those who are far off will come and build the temple of the LORD.

Zech 6,12 "Then say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, "Behold, a man whose name is Branch, for He will branch out from where He is; and He will build the temple of the LORD. 6,13 "Yes, it is He who will build the temple of the LORD, and He who will bear the honor and sit and rule on His throne. Thus, He will be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace will be between the two offices."‘ 6,14 "Now the crown will become a reminder in the temple of the LORD to Helem, Tobijah, Jedaiah and Hen the son of Zephaniah. 6,15 "Those who are far off will come and build the temple of the LORD." Then you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you. And it will take place if you completely obey the LORD your God. Zech 6,12–15;


So, the temple in the Millennium is the fourth temple. We can probably reckon with the erection of the third temple already in the foreseeable future. Already now all preparations for the building of the temple are made in Israel. Roger Liebi reports in his book "Jerusalem, an obstacle for world peace?“ page 103 and the following approximately, to give the gist of what he says:

"In recent years the 'Temple Institute' founded in Israel in 1988 has produced the devices for the divine service in the third temple under enormous financial expenditure. Among the altogether 104 various temple devices there are for instance menorahs, a washbasin of copper, a censer of gold, offering cups of gold and silver, vessels for water and for the wine drinking offering, the sacred diadem made of pure gold for the high priest, shovels for the work at the altar for burnt offerings, clerical robes, an urn and lots for the great Day of Atonement, trumpets of silver, ram’s horns, harps for the temple music of the Levites and many more.

Several other organizations want to take care of the training of priests (Kohanim) for the service in the future temple. Another group which wants to take care of the future temple, has already provided the corner stone for this third temple. It is a stone that weighs approximately 4 tons, which had to be pared without any metal tools, but with the help of pebble stones alone.

In Jerusalem contributions pour in for the erection of this third temple from Jews from all over the world, and at present the reconstruction only fails because of the fact that the Dome of the Rock has been standing at the place of the old temple, in Eastern Jerusalem, for now about 1,300 years and moreover because of the fact that this part of the city is presently still under the control of the Palestinians."

The world government in the Millennium.

The Messiah will be king over the whole world.

The Prince of Peace, our Lord Jesus Christ, will be king in Zion, and he will be the only king of the world. All nations of the earth – including Israel, which will get David as their prince who will be raised from the dead – will only have princes as their rulers.

And the Son of God will rule on the earth in righteousness. He will pronounce a fair judgment for the poor and miserable, beat the violent without any mercy and kill the godless. And the martyrs from the First Resurrection will reign with him.

He will build the temple of the LORD, and will bear the honor and sit and rule on His throne.

Zech 6,9The word of the LORD also came to me, saying, 6,10 "Take an offering from the exiles, from Heldai, Tobijah and Jedaiah; and you go the same day and enter the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah, where they have arrived from Babylon. 6,11 "Take silver and gold, make an ornate crown and set it on the head of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest. 6,12 "Then say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, "Behold, a man whose name is Branch, for He will branch out from where He is; and He will build the temple of the LORD. 6,13 "Yes, it is He who will build the temple of the LORD, and He who will bear the honor and sit and rule on His throne. Thus, He will be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace will be between the two offices."‘ Zech 6, 9–13;

The shoot from the stem of Jesse will judge with righteousness and decide with fairness.

Isa 11,1 Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, And a branch from his roots will bear fruit. 11,2 The Spirit of the LORD will rest on Him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD. 11,3 And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what His ears hear; 11,4 But with righteousness He will judge the poor, And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; And He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked. 11,5 Also righteousness will be the belt about His loins, And faithfulness the belt about His waist. Isa 11, 1– 5;

The holy ones of the first resurrection will reign with Christ for a thousand years.

Rev 20,6 Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years. Rev 20, 6;

You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth.

Rev 5,9 And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. 5,10 "You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth." Rev 5, 9–10;

The nations which do not want to serve the Lord will be destroyed.

Indeed, in that time one cannot maintain that men did not know anything of God. They experienced him in the judgment of the catastrophes on the Day of the Lord and they experience him now, as the God of Israel who has made the land of his people the paradise on earth.

Therefore it cannot be ignorance if there are still some nations among the nations who do not want to listen to this God. Therefore these people are not "poor, seduced sheep", but liars, cheats, robbers, and murderers, who have never known what to do with truth and righteousness, and who now try again to go their own ways.

In order to understand the justice of the punishment threatened to them by the Lord correctly, we have to bear in mind that these people are not simple "godless", that is to say people who did not accept God because they did not know of him. These people are the sons of their father, the Devil. They are not without God, they are against God. And just as the poor and miserable will finally obtain their right now, those who are not willing to renounce their malice, will be destroyed. The circumstance that even in the Millennium there will still remain some people who do not want to acknowledge God and accept his reign only perforce, emerges from the fact that at the end of the Millennium an enormously great number of people will run up to Satan who was released in order to fight with him the last battle against God.

This spiritual turn of so many people cannot have happened within a very short time. And as it cannot be assumed that Satan has still centuries of time for bringing about such a change after he has been released from this prison, only the realization is left that, also in the Millennium, many people are not willing – in the presence of the living God on earth – to acknowledge this God but turn away from him and wait for the satanic "deliverer".

For the other nations of the world, outside of Israel, the living conditions will be quite normal. On account of the special climate they, too, will presumably be able to bring in several harvests a year. However, also here the view that the Lord will then give "prosperity, splendor, and happiness to his subjects, as mankind has tried so seek it in vain up to that time" is wrong inasmuch as these promises only refer to Israel – as already explained above. And if one of these nations refuses to make a pilgrimage to the Feast of Booths to Jerusalem every year, it is punished by the withdrawal of rain. This will then lead to a famine in this country with all its consequences. These nations will not experience any remission of sin and thus no outpouring of the Spirit of God either. Therefore their lifetime will be continued to be restricted to a maximum of one hundred and twenty years and these countries will also lack all the other circumstances which are effected by the Spirit.

But if they will not listen, then I will uproot that nation, uproot and destroy it, declares the LORD.

Jer 12,16 "Then if they will really learn the ways of My people, to swear by My name, ‘As the LORD lives,’ even as they taught My people to swear by Baal, they will be built up in the midst of My people. 12,17 "But if they will not listen, then I will uproot that nation, uproot and destroy it," declares the LORD. Jer 12,16–17;

And the kingdom which will not serve you will perish, and the nations will be utterly ruined.

Isa 60,12 "For the nation and the kingdom which will not serve you will perish, And the nations will be utterly ruined. Isa 60,12;

The families which does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, there will be no rain on them.

Zech 14,16 Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 14,17 And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, there will be no rain on them.

14,18 If the family of Egypt does not go up or enter, then no rain will fall on them; it will be the plague with which the LORD smites the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths. 14,19 This will be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths. Zech 14,16–19;

The Prince of Peace will put an end to all wars.

Finally, no nation will raise the sword against another nation. And also here we have to distinguish clearly between Israel and the nations in the Millennium. In Israel there will be peace because in this land the malice of men, in fact, the malice of the whole Creation was eradicated by God. So, they will not do any harm because God has given them "another heart". The evil has been rooted out in their hearts. The situation looks partly different with the other nations. Of course, also there will be many people who honestly turned to the Lord. But there are still quite a lot left who did not accept God and who hide their feelings for fear or calculation. But also they will keep quiet and will not wage war because they know that punishment would be the immediate and inevitable consequence of that. And so, the first real, true, and only Kingdom of Peace on earth will come into being.

And I will abolish the bow, the sword and war from the land, and will make them lie down in safety.

Hos 2,16 "It will come about in that day," declares the LORD, "That you will call Me Ishi – “My husband” – And will no longer call Me Baali. 2,17 "For I will remove the names of the Baals from her mouth, So that they will be mentioned by their names no more. 2,18 "In that day I will also make a covenant for them With the beasts of the field, The birds of the sky And the creeping things of the ground. And I will abolish the bow, the sword and war from the land, And will make them lie down in safety. 2,19 "I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me in righteousness and in justice, In lovingkindness and in compassion, 2,20 And I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness. Then you will know the LORD. 2,21 "It will come about in that day that I will respond," declares the LORD. "I will respond to the heavens, and they will respond to the earth, 2,22 And the earth will respond to the grain, to the new wine and to the oil, And they will respond to Jezreel. 2,23 "I will sow her for Myself in the land. I will also have compassion on her who had not obtained compassion, And I will say to those who were not My people, ‘You are My people!’ And they will say, ‘You are my God!’" Hos 2,16–23;

And He will judge between the nations, and nation will not lift up sword against nation.

Isa 2,2 Now it will come about that In the last days The mountain of the house of the LORD Will be established as the chief of the mountains, And will be raised above the hills; And all the nations will stream to it. 2,3 And many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways And that we may walk in His paths." For the law will go forth from Zion And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 2,4 And He will judge between the nations, And will render decisions for many peoples; And they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they learn war. 2,5 Come, house of Jacob, and let us walk in the light of the LORD. Isa 2, 2– 5;

There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace over his kingdom.

Isa 9,5 For every boot of the booted warrior in the battle tumult, And cloak rolled in blood, will be for burning, fuel for the fire. 9,6 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 9,7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this. Isa 9, 5– 7;

Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they train for war.

Mi 4,3 And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. 4,4 Each of them will sit under his vine And under his fig tree, With no one to make them afraid, For the mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken. 4,5 Though all the peoples walk Each in the name of his god, As for us, we will walk In the name of the LORD our God forever and ever (cs. with Buber: for world–time and eternity). Mi 4, 3– 5;

I will cut off your horses and destroy your chariots, and cut off your cities and sorceries.

Mi 5,10 "It will be in that day," declares the LORD, "That I will cut off your horses from among you And destroy your chariots.

5,11 "I will also cut off the cities of your land And tear down all your fortifications. 5,12 "I will cut off sorceries from your hand, And you will have fortune–tellers no more. 5,13 "I will cut off your carved images And your sacred pillars from among you, So that you will no longer bow down To the work of your hands. 5,14 "I will root out your Asherim from among you And destroy your cities. 5,15 "And I will execute vengeance in anger and wrath On the nations which have not obeyed." Mi 5,10–15;

The Messiah will speak peace to the nations; And His dominion will be to the ends of the earth.

Zech 9,10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim And the horse from Jerusalem; And the bow of war will be cut off. And He will speak peace to the nations; And His dominion will be from sea to sea, And from the River to the ends of the earth. Zech 9,10;

The princes of the nations.

Whereas the Messiah, the Son of God, will rule as the only king over the whole world, the individual countries will not be ruled by kings any more, but by princes. As we can see in the following two passages from the Scriptures, these princes are elected and installed by the Messiah. All of these princes are men believing in God who also rule and judge justly after the example of their king. In Ps 47,10 they are even called the people of the God of Abraham.

A king will reign righteously and princes will rule justly.

Isa 32,1 Behold, a king will reign righteously And princes will rule justly. 32,2 Each will be like a refuge from the wind And a shelter from the storm, Like streams of water in a dry country, Like the shade of a huge rock in a parched land. 32,3 Then the eyes of those who see will not be blinded, And the ears of those who hear will listen. 32,4 The mind of the hasty will discern the truth, And the tongue of the stammerers will hasten to speak clearly. 32,5 No longer will the fool be called noble, Or the rogue be spoken of as generous. Isa 32, 1– 5;

The princes of the people have assembled themselves as the people of the God of Abraham.

Ps 47,7 For God is the King of all the earth; Sing praises with a skillful psalm. 47,8 God reigns over the nations, God sits on His holy throne. 47,9 The princes of the people have assembled themselves as the people of the God of Abraham, For the shields of the earth belong to God; He is highly exalted. Ps 47, 7– 9;

David will be raised from the dead and will be prince of Israel.

Then the Lord will also raise his servant David from the dead for his people in Israel so that he may be their prince in the Millennium.

My servant David will be prince among them;

Eze 34,23 "Then I will set over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd. 34,24 "And I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant David will be prince among them; I the LORD have spoken. Eze 34,23–24;

The sons of Israel will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king.

Hos 3,4 For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar and without ephod or household idols. 3,5 Afterward the sons of Israel will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king; and they will come trembling to the LORD and to His goodness in the last days. Hos 3, 4– 5;

They shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.

Jer 30,8 ‘It shall come about on that day,’ declares the LORD of hosts, ‘that I will break his yoke from off their neck and will tear off their bonds; and strangers will no longer make them their slaves. 30,9 ‘But they shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. Jer 30, 8– 9;

Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob, And shout among the chief of the nations.

Jer 31,6 "For there will be a day when watchmen On the hills of Ephraim call out, ‘Arise, and let us go up to Zion, To the LORD our God.’" 31,7 For thus says the LORD, "Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob, And shout among the chief of the nations; Proclaim, give praise and say, ‘O LORD, save Your people, The remnant of Israel.’ Jer 31, 6- 7;

Now all promises for Israel have come true. Israel is the "chief of the nations", the people has multiplied like the sand of the sea, the Gentiles come to Israel in order to worship the Lord, their God, Israel dwells safely and without any enemies, the land is fertile and the evil has been eradicated, David is their prince and their God is king over the whole world. At the end of these one thousand years Satan will then be released again for a little while. Once again he is allowed to seduce millions of men and to drag them with him into damnation.

(See also Chapter 11: “The end of the world.”)

But after that comes the true, the eternal "Kingdom of Peace". Then the long time of fearful waiting of the entire Creation is finished and it will be set free from the slavery to transitoriness and mortality into the freedom of the children of God in eternal life, as Paul tells us in Rom 8,18–22.

The creation itself will be set free from corruption into the freedom of the children of God.

Rom 8,18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 8,19 For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God. 8,20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope 8,21 that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 8,22 For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. Rom 8,18–22;