Table 04 - What is written in the Book of Truth (Dan 11,1-45: 12,1-13). (LANDSCAPE)


The world empires Persia and Greece

Dan
chap
11



PERSIA
Cyrus 558-530
This prophecy belongs to the year 536/5 B.C., in the time of the government of Cyrus of Persia.


Behold, three more kings are going to arise in Persia.
So, there will be three more kings in Persia after Cyrus.
Kambyses 530-522, Darius I. Hystaspes 522-486, Xerxes (Ahasveros)486-465.


Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all of them;
Xerxes is the fourth king in Persia including Cyrus. We can say that Persia was at the height of its display of power under his rule.

as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole empire against the realm of Greece.
He also hatched the plan to incorporate the individual Greek states into the Persian empire. He mobilized his entire military forces in order
to reach this goal in the famous naval battle of Salamis in 480 B.C., but then he lost this campaign which was decisive for world history.
Thus, Greece gradually became the political and cultural center of the eastern Mediterranean region.



GREECE
Alexander the Great 333-323

And a mighty king will arise,
The time between Xerxes I and Alexander the Great is skipped. Here, the conqueror of the Persian empire is introduced.
Although the battle at Salamis had been a tremendous triumph for the Greeks, it nevertheless left deep scars upon this people.
This was the reason why, about 150 years later, Alexander the Great set out for taking revenge on the Persians.


and he will rule with great authority and do as he pleases.
But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward the four points of the compass
though not to his own descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded,
for his sovereignty will be uprooted and given to others besides them.

The golden age of Alexander lasted only a little bit more than 10 years. Around 323 B.C. he succumbed to a malarial fever.
Both sons of Alexander were subsequently assassinated. So, Alexander's generals and their successors divided the huge inheritance after
fierce fights among themselves. The Greek Empire was split up into the Diadochi empires: Macedonia, Asia Minor (Pergamum), Egypt, Syria.





verse







2



2


2








3




3
4
4
4












The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11



THE FIRST KING OF THE SOUTH (KOS)
Ptolemy I Lagi Soter 323-285

Then the KOS will grow strong
















THE SECOND KING OF THE SOUTH
Ptolemy II Philadelphus 285-247






along with one of his princes who will gain
ascendancy over him and obtain dominion;

Seleucus, a former commander of Ptolemy I.


THE FIRST KING OF THE NORTH (KON),
Seleucus I Nikator 312-281

his domain will be a great dominion indeed.
Seleucus I founded the dynasty of the
Seleucides who held sway over the
largest of the Diadochi empires.

(Antiochus I. Soter 281-261)




THE SECOND KING OF THE NORTH
Antiochus II. Theos 261-246






In 320 B.C Ptolemy I takes Phoenicia and
Palestine away from his competitor Laomedon.
After some further fights Palestine remained in
Ptolemaic that is to say in Egyptian hands as
from 312 B.C. on and definitely after the battle
of Ipsos 301 B.C. It is then governed by Egypt
for more than 100 years, until 198 B.C.












verse





5
5






5











After some years they will form an alliance.
The daughter of the KOS will come to the KON to carry out a peaceful arrangement.

Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy II marries Antiochus II, who dismissed his wife Laodice.


But she will not retain her position of power, nor will he remain with his power,
but she will be given up, along with those who brought her in.

The revenge of Laodice, the founder of the city of Laodicea:
Berenice and her baby son are assassinated by Seleucus II, a son of Laodice. 246












6
6



6
6



and the one (KOS) who sired her as well
Ptolemy II Philadelphus dies in Egypt. 246





as he (KON), who supported her in those times.
Antiochus II dies by Laodice's attempt
on his life. 246
Her son Seleucus II gets into power in Syria.











6










The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11



THE THIRD KING OF THE SOUTH
Ptolemy III, the brother of Laodice 247-222

One of the descendants of her line will arise

Their treasures he will take into captivity
to Egypt.

Ptolemy III captures the Syrian fortress
Seleucia 244

















THE FOURTH KING OF THE SOUTH
Ptolemy IV Philopator 222-205

The KOS will be enraged and go forth
and fight with the KON.




THE THIRD KING OF THE NORTH
Seleucus II Kallinikosm 246-226

and enter the fortress of the KON, and he
with them and display great strength.


Then the KON will enter the realm of the KOS,
but will return to his own land.

Seleucus II tries to seize Egypt. 242
(Seleucus III Soter 226-223 was murdered.)



THE FOURTH KING OF THE NORTH
Antiochus III the Great 223-187

His sons will mobilize a multitude of great
forces; and one of them will overflow and
pass through, that he may again wage
war up to his very fortress.

Both kings, first Seleucus III, after his
murder his brother Antiochus III, resumed the
fight against Egypt successfully with the help of
mercenary troops. 221, 219, 218































Antiochus III also conquers Palestine. 218/217






verse





7
7
8
8
9
9







10
10
10
10









11
11

Ptolemy IV defeats Antiochus III in the battle of Raphia near Gaza. 217










his heart will be lifted up, and he will cause
tens of thousands to fall, yet he will not prevail.



Then the latter will raise a great multitude,
that multitude will be given into the hand of the
former. When the multitude is carried away,








Antiochus III has to restore Palestine to Egypt.



11
11
11
12
12






The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11



THE FIFTH KING OF THE SOUTH
Ptolemy V Epiphanes 205-182 (5-year-old)





Now in those times many will rise up
against the KOS;

In an alliance with Rome the Egyptians attack
the Syrians under Scopas and get
Palestine back. 200





cast up a siege ramp and capture a
well-fortified city; and the forces of the
South will not stand their ground, not even
their choicest troops, for there will be no
strength to make a stand.
But he who comes against him will do as
he pleases, and no one will be able to
withstand him;



of his whole kingdom, bringing with him
a proposal of peace which he will put into
effect; he will also give him the daughter
of women to ruin it.
But she will not take a stand for him

















The KON will again raise a greater multitude
than the former, and after an interval of some
years he will press on with a great army.

Antiochus III conquers in an invasion
Cele-Syria. 201







Then the KON will come,
Antiochus III defeats the Egyptians under
Scopas at the source of the Jordan near
Banyas (which later became Cesarea Philippi)
Scopas flees to the city of Sidon, is besieged
there, and has to surrender. 198.





He will set his face to come with the power
Antiochus III marries his daughter Cleopatra
to Ptolemy V Epiphanes, the king of the
Egyptians. 194/193


or be on his side. Then he will turn his face to the
coastlands and capture many.

Antiochus III tries to subjugate Greece.
But the Romans hindered him.













Antiochus III snatches Palestine from the
Egyptians, without being able to destroy the
Ptolemaic empire. 204



the violent ones among your people
Many Jews sought refuge in the advancing
Syrians, the Tobiades, who have great
influence, take sides with the Syrians.


will also lift themselves up in order
to fulfill the vision, but they will fall down.

The Jewish apostates before the punishing
judgment. 200







he (KON) will also stay for a time in the
Beautiful Land, with destruction in his hand.

From this time onward Palestine remains in
Syrian hands until an independent Israel
emerges again. 143













verse






13
13
13
14
14




14
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17/18
18












The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11














































But a commander will put a stop
to his scorn against him; moreover,
he will repay him for his scorn.

Under Acilius Glabrio the Romans defeated the
Syrian king at the Thermopylae. 191
In the Roman-Syrian decisive battle at
Magnesia on Sipylus/Asia Minor Antiochus III
was defeated by the Romans under Lucius
Scipio Asiaticus. 190
In the peace of 189 Antiochus is deprived of
power to a large extent and has to pay heavy
tributes. 189


So he will turn his face toward the fortresses
of his own land, but he will stumble and
fall and be found no more.

In order to be able to pay the huge tributes
to the Romans, Antiochus III plunders the
fortified cities and wealthy temples of his
country. He is killed during the pillage of
one of these temples in the Elymais (Elam)
in the far east of his empire.



THE FIFTH KING OF THE NORTH
Seleucus IV Philopator 187-175

Then in his place one will arise who will send an

yet within a few days he will be shattered,
though nor in anger nor in battle.

Later on, Heliodor ordered his king Seleucus IV
to be assassinated in an underhand way. 175






































oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom;
Seleucus IV sends his minister Heliodor to
Jerusalem in order to procure money there for
the empty treasury.










verse


18
18
18










19
19
19











20

20
20













The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11














































THE SIXTH KING OF THE NORTH
Antiochus IV. Epiphanes 175-164

In his place a despicable person will arise, on
whom the honor of kingship has not been
conferred, but he will come in a time of
tranquility and seize the kingdom by intrigue.

Antiochus IV was not destined for being
to the throne. After Seleucus IV
either his elder son Demetrius or his younger
son Antiochus should ascend the throne. 175
Antiochus IV, however, was the brother of Seleucus IV.


The overflowing forces will be flooded
away before him

The first years Antiochus is very
successful. 175-171
He dismisses the high priest Onias III. 175
The brother of Onias III, Jason, buys the
position of the high priest from Antiochus IV
for 540 silver talers. 175
With his Hellenistic-minded party, which had
very much influence in Israel, Jason entered
into an alliance with Antiochus. However,
also Jason is deceived by Antiochus IV. He
dismisses Jason, and after Menelaus had
murdered Onias III (?), Menelaus becomes
high priest.






























and shattered, and also the prince of the
covenant After an alliance is made with him
he will practice deception, and he will go up
and gain power with a small force of people.
In a time of tranquility he will enter the richest
parts of the realm, and he will accomplish
what his fathers never did, nor his ancestors;
he will distribute plunder and possessions
among them, and he will devise his schemes
against strongholds, but only for a time.

On his way back home from his first campaign
to Egypt Antiochus Epiphanes comes to
Jerusalem and captured it without any
problems, because the Hellenistic Jews
opened him the gates of the city. He
plunders the temple and causes a horrible
bloodbath. He exploited Israel more than
his ancestors had done.








verse





21
21
21
21







22
22
23
23
23
24
24
24
24
24
24



















The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11



THE SIXTH KING OF THE SOUTH
Ptolemy VI Philometor 182 - 145








so the KOS will mobilize an
extremely large and mighty army
for war; but he will not stand, for
schemes will be devised against him.
Those who eat his choice food will
destroy him, and his army will,
overflow but many will fall down slain.

Ptolemy VI Philometor is defeated by his
uncle Antiochus Epiphanes in the battle
near Pelusium. 170
He tries to flee, but he does not succeed in it.







He will stir up his strength courage
against the KOS with a large army;

Around 170, Antiochus Epiphanes starts the so-
called 'Sixth Syrian War' against Egypt with a
mighty army, where his nephew, who ist still
under age, Ptolemy VI Philometor, is sitting on
the throne.


































vers






25
25





25
25
25
25
26
26
26




As for both kings, their hearts will be intent on evil,
and they will speak lies to each other at the same table;
but it will not succeed, for the end is still to come at the appointed time.

Ptolemy VI concludes a surrender treaty with Antiochus Epiphanes, but he does not adhere to it
in the future. He reconciliates with his brother and once again decidedly opposes
his uncle Antiochus Epiphanes.









27
27
27









Then he will return to his land with much plunder; but his heart will be set against the holy
Antiochus sets out from Egypt with a huge booty.

28






come into the South, but in this last time




At the appointed time he will return and



covenant, and he will take action and then
return to his own land.

See the comment upon the verses 23 and 24.




28
28

29

29





The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11



it will not turn out the way it did before.
For ships of Kittim will come against him;

Antiochus starts a new offensive against
Egypt. When he advanced with his army
toward Alexandria, he was ordered by the
Romans to vacate Egypt.







































therefore he will be disheartened and will return
Filled with impotent rage, Antiochus had to
submit to the dictate of the Roman power. 168









































and become enraged at the holy covenant and
regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.

He returned home humiliated and vented his
anger on the Jews, having the Hellenistic
party as supporters.



                 ANTIOCHUS / ANTICHRIST

Forces from him will arise, desecrate the
sanctuary fortress, and do away with the
regular sacrifice. And they will set up the
abomination of desolation

His army raided upon Jerusalem, murdered
many Jews, tore down the city walls, and
established a reign of terror over Jerusalem.
In December 168, divine service was abolished.
A statue of Zeus was put up in the temple.


By smooth words he will turn to godlessness
those who act wickedly toward the covenant,
but the people who know their God will display
strength and take action.

The priest Mattathias Maqqabi with his five sons
opened the Maccabean resistance to the
apostasy. This revolt met with a phenomenal
success. The Jews beat off the Syrian armies
and got Jerusalem back under control. Also
the temple was consecrated anew again. 164


Those who have insight among the people will
give understanding to the many; yet they will
fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by
plunder for many days.





verse


29
30
30







31
31
31
31







32
32
32
32







33
33
33
33








The king of the South
Egypt


The king of the North
Greece


The prince of the covenant
Israel

Dan
chap.
11























































































Now when they fall they will be granted a little
help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy.
Some of those who have insight will fall, in order
to refine, purge and make them pure until the
end time because it is still to come at the
appointed time.
Then the king will do as he pleases,
and he will exalt and magnify himself
above every god and will speak monstrous
things against the God of gods; and he will
prosper until the indignation is finished,
for that which is decreed will be done.

The edict concerning religion issued by
Antiochus IV, with which he had forbidden
sabbath, circumcision, feasts, the possession
of the codes and the daily sacrifice on penalty
of death was an atrocity which was directed
not only against the Jews, but also against the
'Commander of the host' (Dan 8,11), that is
to say against the God of the gods.


He will show no regard for the gods of his
fathers or for the desire of women, nor will
he show regard for any other god; for he will
magnify himself above them all.

The god of the Seleucides was Apollo. But
Antiochus had chosen Zeus for his god. He
not only put up a Zeus altar in the temple in
Jerusalem, but he also replaced the picture of
Apollo on his coins by a picture of Zeus. With
that he probably also checked the Tammuz-
(Adonis-, Osiris-) cult of the women.









verse


34
34
35
35
35
35
36
36
36
36
36
36









37
37
37
37



















The king of the South


The king of the North


The prince of the covenant

Dan
chap.
11















THE SEVENTH / LAST KING OF THE SOUTH


At the end time the KOS will collide with
him, storm against him with chariots,







countries, and Egypt will not escape.
But he will gain control over the treasures,
and over all the precious things of Egypt;






























THE SEVENTH / LAST KING OF THE NORTH

                     THE ANTICHRIST

with horsemen and with many ships;
and he will enter countries, overflow them
and pass through.


but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom,
Moab and the foremost of the sons of Ammon.
Then he will stretch out his hand against other



Libyans and Ethiopians will follow at his heels.
But rumors from the East and from the
North will disturb him, and he will go forth with
great wrath to destroy and annihilate many.















But instead he will honor a god of fortresses,
a god whom his fathers did not know; he will
honor him with gold, silver, costly stones and
treasures He will take action against the
strongest of fortresses with the help of a foreign
god; he will give great honor to those who ack-
nowledge him and will cause them to rule over
the many, and will parcel out land for a price

This seems to describe the introduction of
the Zeus cult in Jerusalem by Antiochus and
the preference of the Greek-friendly party
among the Jews.








He will also enter the Beautiful Land,
and many countries will fall










He will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion
between the seas and the beautiful Holy
Mountain; yet he will come to his end,
and no one will help him.








verse


38
38
38
39
39
39
39
39







40
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
42
42
43
43
44
44
44
45
45
45
45











The end time

Dan
chap.
12



THE GREAT TRIBULATION
AND THE RESCUE OF ISRAEL


Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as
never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued.
Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.
Those who have insight will shine brightly like the brightness of the expanse of heaven,
and those who lead the many to righteousness, like the stars forever.
But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.
Then I, Daniel, looked and behold, two others were standing, one on this bank of the river and the other on that bank of the river.



IT TAKES THREE AND A HALF TIMES
WHEN THE DISPERSION OF ISRAEL ENDS


And one said to the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river: How long will it be until the end of these wonders?
I heard the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, as he raised his right hand and his left toward heaven,
and swore by Him who lives forever that it would be for a time, times, and half a time;
and as soon as they finish shattering the power of the holy people, all these events will be completed.
As for me, I heard but could not understand; so I said: My lord, what will be the outcome of these events?
He said: Go your way, Daniel, for these words are concealed and sealed up until the end time.
Many will be purged, purified and refined, but the wicked will act wickedly; and none of the wicked will understand,



1,290 DAYS, BEGINNING AT THE TIME
WHEN THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION
HAD BEEN SET UP


From the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished and the abomination of desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.
How blessed is he who keeps waiting and attains to the 1,335 days!
But as for you, go your way to the end; then you will enter into rest and rise again for your allotted portion at the end of the age.









verse





1
1
2
3
3
4
5





6
7
7
7
8
9
10






11
12
13









(See also Table 14: “The Revelation - classified by events.”)