Discourse 129 - The true and the false forgiveness of sins.

The sacrament of confession. / Katholischer Pfarrverband Neunkirchen‒Seelscheid [Catholic Parish of Neunkirchen‒Seelscheid] 00, 2018‒03‒01

The Catholic priests.

The forgiveness of sins.

(Texts in a black frame are quotations from visitors to this site or from other authors.) 

(The sacrament of confession. / Katholischer Pfarrverband Neunkirchen‒Seelscheid [Catholic Parish of Neunkirchen‒Seelscheid] 00, 2018‒03‒01)

In the sacrament of Confession, Christ extends to us his hand in reconciliation.

There are different ways of dealing with guilt. You can sweep it under the carpet and say, "It’s something that everybody does". That shouldn’t happen in Confession. The Christian way of dealing with guilt means recognizing it and acknowledging it ‒ and obtaining forgiveness for it by the priest, through whom God gives us the assurance of forgiveness. If you think you have forgotten exactly how to go about this, just tell the priest, who will be happy to help you.

In Confession, God himself, speaking through the priest, gives you the assurance that your guilt has been forgiven.

Christ instituted this sacrament when he conferred on his apostles the power to forgive sins, in the following words: "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained." (Jn 20, 22 f).

Jn 20,22 And when He had said this, He breathed on them and *said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit. 20,23 "If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained. Jn 20,22–23;

Pfarrverband Neunkirchen–Seelscheid [Parish composite of Neunkirchen‒Seelscheid]

The Catholic priests.

In the above commentary, the Catholic sacrament of Confession is explained in detail by a Catholic priest. First there is a completely appropriate exhortation that we should not sweep our own guilt "under the carpet", and then comes another correct observation:

"The Christian way of dealing with guilt means recognizing it and acknowledging it ‒ and obtaining forgiveness for it… "

So far, so good.

The conclusion of the sentence, however ‒

"… by the priest, through whom God gives us the assurance of forgiveness" 

‒ highlights the complete mistake, or complete imposture, of the Catholic church on this exceptionally important issue of Christian faith and of the Bible. We are concerned here with the question where in Scripture an "assurance" on the part of God may be found that a Catholic priest can forgive the sins of human beings. And of course, following on from this, the fundamental question also needs to be raised whether the true, biblical Christianity even permits the function of a clerical priesthood at all.

The argument of the Catholic church here is that the priestly office is passed on as a continuous succession from the apostles (the "apostolic succession"):

"The apostolic succession refers to the continuous passing on of the mandate of the apostles and their successors up to the present day, and legitimizes the traditio apostolica ‒ fidelity to the original Christian tradition and the unadulterated passing on of the tenets of faith."  (WIKIPEDIA)

But if we examine the Bible, we cannot find a single bit of evidence for the "continuous passing on of the mandate of the apostles" claimed here, and so there is no evidence either for the conferring of the "power to forgive sins" on the Catholic priests and the Catholic clergy. As correctly believing Christians we do have the mandate to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ to the peoples of the whole world. But this mandate is not the biblical passage arrogated to itself by the Catholic church in Jh 20,22‒23, quoted earlier, but rather the Lord’s Great Commission which is to be found in Mt 28,16‒20:

The Great Commission.

And He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.

Mk 16,9 [[Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons. 16,10 She went and reported to those who had been with Him, while they were mourning and weeping. 16,11 When they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they refused to believe it. 16,12 After that, He appeared in a different form to two of them while they were walking along on their way to the country. 16,13 They went away and reported it to the others, but they did not believe them either. 16,14 Afterward He appeared to the eleven themselves as they were reclining at the table; and He reproached them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who had seen Him after He had risen.

16,15 And He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. 16,16 "He who has believed and has been baptized shall be saved; but he who has disbelieved shall be condemned. 16,17 "These signs will accompany those who have believed: in My name they will cast out demons, they will speak with new tongues; 16,18 they will pick up serpents, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover." 16,19 So then, when the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. Mk 16, 9–19;

The true Great Commission, then, is not that authority quite personally conferred on the apostles in Jh 20,22‒23, empowering them not to forgive the sins of people who have sinned against them. ‒ The forgiveness of sins itself is of course an absolute obligation for any correctly believing Christian (cf. Mt 18:22). But in order to retain somebody’s sins, because in their heart of hearts they are not really sorry for having committed them - for example, the then sanctimonious scribes (Mt 23,27-28) -, calls for spiritual insight which only the Holy Spirit can give ‒ the Holy Spirit whom the Lord here breathes into the apostles in Jh 20,22‒23.

But the Catholic church ‒ as so often in its history  (Love of our neighbor, apostolic succession, Purgatory (indulgences)1), etc.) – has completely falsified the background to these statements, claiming that this authority has been passed on to itself and its priests in consequence of this (equally illegitimate) apostolic succession. And this in spite of the fact that in this very scriptural passage there is not the slightest suggestion that this authority of the apostles should be passed on in succession to any specific persons of a specific church.

The truth is the very opposite of this. Our Lord Jesus Christ would not first have described the Jewish clergy, with its scribes, priests and high priests, as a "brood of vipers" and "sons of the devil", only to summon into existence yet another nest of serpents in the form of the Catholic church, with its priests, bishops, cardinals and popes.

You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Mt 3,7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Mt 3, 7;

You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?

Mt 23,32 "Fill up, then, the measure of the guilt of your fathers. 23,33 "You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell? Mt 23,32-33;

You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father.

Jn 8,43 "Why do you not understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot hear My word. 8,44 "You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies. Jn 8,43-44

The "Historic Costumes Society" has just changed the names!

0         0

Jewish high priest                                    Catholic bishop

The former members of the Jewish clergy our Lord Jesus Christ described as

"You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?" (Mt 23:29-33)

With their imitators in the Catholic clergy, he still needs to add "money launderers", "homosexuals" and "child molesters". The prophecy that they will not escape hell, however, applies to both "hypocrisies".

"I heard another voice from heaven, saying, ‘Come out of her, my people, so that you will not participate in her sins and receive of her plagues’" (Rev 18:4)

Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes.

Lk 20,45 And while all the people were listening, He said to the disciples, 20,46 "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love respectful greetings in the market places, and chief seats in the synagogues (churches) and places of honor at banquets, 20,47 who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation." Lk 20,45–47;

This warning against the scribes in the Jewish Sanhedrin applies equally to their successors in the Catholic church (in this case their successors in a very real sense), right up to the present day ‒ as a warning about the pedophile Catholic priests who rape children, or the corrupt cardinals who practice money laundering and financial speculation in the Santo Spirito Vatican Bank (the Bank of the Holy Spirit!!)..

When Jesus Christ sent out his disciples, he said to them, "Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves." (Mt 10,16).

Now has the Catholic church, in the entire duration of its existence, ever given the impression of being a "sheep"? Never and no way! The Catholic church has always been a wolf among wolves. In its striving for power it has always competed with emperors and kings, and indeed has even nominated emperors and kings. And that is why we can’t find in the Bible, either, any kind of indication that God has given "assurance" of the forgiveness of sins by a Catholic priest, or even any suggestion of an instruction given to the apostles by our Lord Jesus Christ to appoint successors in their office.

Those persons therefore who are consecrated as priests in the Catholic church are in no way successors of the apostles. And this likewise explains why it is that their numbers include those Catholic priests, all over the world, who abuse the children put into their care. This is already costing the Vatican hundreds of millions of dollars in fines imposed by the courts.

And yet the church is unwilling to exclude these criminal persons from the church by excommunication, but instead transfers them from one parish to another, where they can then ‒ still wearing the long black cassock and white dog collar ‒ resume their activities and live out their "different sexual orientation". This is actually confirmed by a report on WIKIPEDIA, a report very well worth reading: ‘ Das Buch der Schande. Kinder, sexueller Missbrauch und die katholische Kirche’ [‘ A Gospel of Shame: Children, Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church’], which investigates these incidents involving the Catholic church all over the world.

"On the occasion of the appearance of the German translation of the American case history collection by Elinor Burkett and Frank Bruni entitled ‘ A Gospel of Shame: Children, Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church’ in 1995, the German magazine Der Spiegel reported three court cases in the years 1993 to 1995, and criticized the actions of Bishop Josef Stimpfle and Vicar General Eugen Kleindienst in connection with a case in the bishopric of Augsburg, where a diocesan priest was jailed for four years. In general terms, the article’s judgment of the practice of transferring pedophile priests was that it amounted to ‘ indulgence toward the perpetrators, indifference to the victims and deliberate suppression of the truth’."    (WIKIPEDIA)

The Apostolic Succession of the Catholic church?

Catholic priests who in thousands of cases worldwide have dispensed the "transformed" eucharist with their hands in the Mass have proceeded, with those same hands, to abuse and violate children (1Cor,6:9). Catholic bishops who earlier had blessed the "sheep" of their flock, have gone on to be arrested for corruption (Vatican Bank, see report in Der Spiegel of 6.28.2013).

Bioshop blessing

Of course it is true that you find black sheep everywhere. But when the "very reverend" violators are shielded and hidden in the ranks of the church for decades, and even corrupt "shepherds" holding office as bishops have to be unmasked by the police, this shows up the organization itself as being altogether without conscience, depraved and corrupt (Mt 7:16-20).

Having the face to speak of the "Apostolic Succession", in the light of these facts, is the most egregious insult to the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ.


With this invention of the "Apostolic Succession", the Catholic church has falsified the Word of God, maliciously deceived the faithful and so has fallen away from the Christian faith. And our Lord Jesus Christ did warn us about this very thing. But he also showed us a quite simple way of finding out whether a person or an organization is disseminating lies, or is really based on biblical foundations and so entitled to call itself "Christian". 

Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves.

Mt 7,15 "Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 7,16 "You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes nor figs from thistles, are they? 7,17 "So every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 7,18 "A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 7,19 "Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 7,20 "So then, you will know them by their fruits. 7,21 "Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. Mt 7,15-21;

So we can know them by their fruits. Well, among the fruits of the Catholic church are the following:

o TThousands of cases of abuse worldwide by Catholic priests of the children in their care. These priests are supposedly in the line of the "apostolic succession", and so are meant to be successors of the apostles of Jesus Christ! The apostles of the Lord would turn their backs in horror.

o As a result of these cases of child abuse by Catholic priests, the Catholic church has been had fines imposed by the courts amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars ‒ and of course these are being paid for out of church collections. So donors in the Catholic church are financing child abuse by Catholic priests..

o As a result of church taxes and collections from the Catholic faithful, the clergy can afford grand residences and a life of ease, with all comforts laid on and a fat and fulsome lifestyle. Meanwhile the Vatican has accumulated assets amounting to 220 billion euros! ‒ And instead of making some of this available voluntarily, the Pope still encourages people to go on being generous with their donations.

o The "Santo Spirito" (Holy Spirit!!!) Vatican Bank has been proved to have engaged in money laundering for its clients (perhaps including the Mafia??), and is suspected of having commissioned the murder of a banker. If he was ever present in this church at all, the Holy Spirit has abandoned it long since

You brood of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak what is good?

Mt 12,34 You brood of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak what is good? For the mouth speaks out of that which fills the heart. 12,35 "The good man brings out of his good treasure what is good; and the evil man brings out of his evil treasure what is evil. Mt 12,34-35;

It is and remains a phenomenon that, in spite of all these proofs and facts, more than a billion people still belong to this church. They are the ones in the last resort who really suffer, in the truest sense of the word. Not only in their lifetimes, when they have to reckon with the abuse of their children, but also and above all in their life of faith. Everything the Catholic church has promised them, from the forgiveness of their sins by Catholic parish priests and the intercession of the "mediatrix" Mary to Purgatory and indulgences and so on, it’s all lies.

In the end they will stand before our Lord Jesus Christ and he will say to them:

‘I tell you, I do not know where you are from; DEPART FROM ME, ALL YOU EVILDOERS.’  Lk 13,27;

The forgiveness of sins.

As we have seen from the above analysis, forgiveness of sins by a Catholic priest (absolution) is quite simply a fraud on the part of the Catholic church, and not a single one of the sins "forgiven" in this way is actually forgiven or atoned for. It is a fact that Catholic teaching is deliberately aimed at depriving people of the most important thing in Christian faith or distancing them from it ‒ faith in Jesus Christ, the Son of God. It does this step by step and unobtrusively, on the basis of freely invented teachings and dogmas.

This can be seen in its spurious forgiveness of sins, in prayers to the dead (the "saints"), constituting a kind of cult of the dead, and in the Catholic "Mary" (not the mother of Jesus!), who is not referred to in the Bible as a "bringer of salvation" or "mother of grace" at all, but who was dogmatically declared in 431 AD to be deserving of worship. And the Catholic church has then step by step invented attributes for this idol ‒ like birth without original sin (1854), resurrection and ascension into heaven (1950) ‒ which are the exclusive prerogative of the Son of God.

The aim of this is to divert the faith of the laity more and more from Jesus Christ the Savior (who becomes prettified as the "Child Jesus") and toward the "mediatrix" Mary (the "Queen of Heaven"). But seeing that faith in the Son of God is the only possibility of being saved for us human beings, the true intention of the Catholic church is clear: to keep as many people as possible away from the grace of God.

There is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.

1Tim 2,5 For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. 1Tim 2,5

No one comes to the Father but through Me.

Jn 14,6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me. Jn 14, 6;

All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

Mt 28,18 And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Mt 28,18;

For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son.

Jn 5,22 "For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son, 5,23 so that all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him. Jn 5,22.23;

But it can easily be seen that a religion where a hierarchy separates the people from the teachers (Pope / cardinals / bishops / priests / laity), has nothing in common with true Christianity. Even if the Catholic church always hypocritically pretends to be a "Christian" church, it has long ceased to be anything of the kind! It deceives people with its churches, some of them massive, where services are held with pomp and glory. But these ceremonies do not come ‒ either in the case of the priests, or that of the majority of the congregation ‒ from the heart. And so these services, in spite of all the ceremony, are lacking the most important thing ‒ God.2)

So if the forgiveness of sins in the Catholic church is an imposture, the question naturally suggests itself how sins can actually be forgiven in the biblical sense. .

(See also discoiurse 123 "True Christianity.)

And here we have an indication from our Lord Jesus Christ, showing us how sins should be forgiven among brothers and sisters in Christ:

Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him?

Mt 18,21 Then Peter came and said to Him, "Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Up to seven times?" 18,22 Jesus said to him, "I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven." Mt 18,21-22;

There can be no doubt that this "up to seventy times seven" doesn’t just mean 490 times, but purely and simply amounts to "always". So all correctly believing Christians must always forgive a brother or sister in Christ who has sinned against them. But what biblical commentators often fail to observe, after this, is the parable told by the Lord to Peter to illustrate the point.

So the slave fell to the ground and prostrated himself before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me’.

Mt 18,23 "For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves. 18,24 "When he had begun to settle them, one who owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him. 18,25 "But since he did not have the means to repay, his lord commanded him to be sold, along with his wife and children and all that he had, and repayment to be made. 18,26 "So the slave fell to the ground and prostrated himself before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me and I will repay you everything.’ 18,27 "And the lord of that slave felt compassion and released him and forgave him the debt. 18,28 "But that slave went out and found one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii; and he seized him and began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay back what you owe.’

18,29 "So his fellow slave fell to the ground and began to plead with him, saying, ‘Have patience with me and I will repay you.’ 18,30 "But he was unwilling and went and threw him in prison until he should pay back what was owed. 18,31 "So when his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were deeply grieved and came and reported to their lord all that had happened. 18,32 "Then summoning him, his lord sad to him, ‘You wicked slave, I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me.18,33 ‘Should you not also have had mercy on your fellow slave, in the same way that I had mercy on you?’ 18,34 "And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should repay all that was owed him. 18,35 "My heavenly Father will also do the same to you, if each of you does not forgive his brother from your heart." Mt 18,23-35;

We see that in both cases the debtor "… pleaded with him, saying, ‘ Have patience with me’." So it emerges clearly from the context that the Lord was on no account thinking of an impersonal, perhaps even undesired, "automatic" forgiveness of sins ‒ it is rather the case that forgiveness must always be asked for by the guilty party. This is the one, and also the only condition of forgiveness among correctly believing Christians: it has to be asked for.

We can draw the same conclusion from the following biblical passage:

And if he sins against you seven times a day, and returns to you seven times, saying, ‘I repent,’ forgive him.

Lk 17,1 He said to His disciples, "It is inevitable that stumbling blocks come, but woe to him through whom they come! 17,2 "It would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck and he were thrown into the sea, than that he would cause one of these little ones to stumble. 17,3 "Be on your guard! If your brother sins, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him. 17,4 "And if he sins against you seven times a day, and returns to you seven times, saying, ‘I repent,’ forgive him." Lk 17, 1- 4;

As the Lord tells us here, a request for the forgiveness of a sin must always be accompanied by contrition on the part of the sinner. So you can’t have forgiveness through a third party, as taught by the Catholic church ‒ not by a Catholic priest, bishop, cardinal or the Pope himself. The forgiveness of a sin can only be brought about through the person who has been affected by this sin. If your house is burgled, you wouldn’t pardon the perpetrator, surely, just because he tells you he has already apologized to the neighbor next door.

And this insight now refutes the trick of the Catholic church when it tries to persuade its faithful that sin can be forgiven urbi et orbi ‒ "to the city and to the whole world"3) ‒ on the "watering can principle". Because only in this way would it be possible to smuggle in a completely uninvolved third party, a Catholic priest, between the persons affected ‒ the injured person and the sinner ‒ and then invest this third party with a supposed "power to forgive sins" and so allow them to pronounce forgiveness (absolution: "ego to absolvo", I absolve you) when in fact the only person who can grant forgiveness is the one against whom the sin was committed.

The institution of "auricular confession", in which the priest is able to learn the most intimate secrets of churchgoers, has undoubtedly proved very useful to the present day as a source of information for the church with its ever growing avidity for power.

And just as a sin against a human being can only be forgiven by the same human being, so a sin against God can only be forgiven by God. For this, the sinner must go to God (in prayer), feel contrition and ask forgiveness in the name of the redeeming sacrifice of the Son of God on the cross for the sins of all men who invoke it.

This prayer for the forgiveness of sins by God should also include sins against people where forgiveness cannot be obtained for various reasons ‒ perhaps because the person has died, or cannot be contacted personally. And then of course there are those people who do not feel obliged to observe these commands of our Lord ‒ for whatever reason.

So in the light of the Bible it is not possible for a Catholic priest to forgive those sins which a Christian has committed against God or against another person. These sins can always only be forgiven by God and/or those persons who have been injured by these sins.

The sad conclusion to be drawn from this is that, as a result of the deception of the Catholic church, many Catholics have not had their sins forgiven, and so have had to die or will die with unforgiven sins to their account, and that is how they will stand before the Son of God in the Last Judgment.

Is the Catholic Church a Christian church?

When the unbelieving world speaks of Christianity, in nine out of ten cases what is meant is the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church has become practically synonymous with Christianity in the eyes of the world. This is a massive error!

The one and only basis of Christianity is the Bible – the Word of God. But the Catholic Church withdrew this same Word of God from its faithful in the year 1229, and actually placed the Bible on its list of forbidden books!!

The Council of Trent (1545-63) likewise rejected the Bible as the sole source of divine revelation, putting the Catholic tradition – i.e. the oral or written passing on of Catholic, in other words human doctrines, including dogmas – on the same footing with Holy Scripture as the main source of faith and attributing to it equal value.

But this means that the Catholic Church has abandoned the true basis of Christianity. Through the unbiblical worship of the Catholic "Mary" (dating from the Council of Ephesus in 431) and of dead "saints", the Catholic Church has introduced the worship of idols (Ex 20:3-6; Jer 10:2-5) and the cult of the dead (Isa 8:19; Lev 19:31) among its faithful (1Tim 4:1-3).

In order to conceal the fact that these erroneous doctrines deviate from the Bible, the Catholic Church has falsified the Bible and to this day keeps the knowledge of the second of God’s Ten Commandments (Num 5:8-9) from its members – instead, it has divided the tenth commandment (Num 5:21) in two in order to make up the total to ten again (The ten commandments of God and those of the Catholic Church.)

For all these reasons, the Catholic Church is no longer a Christian church. Nor can believing Catholics call themselves "practicing Christians", in view of the fact that the Catholic Church obliges them to submit to Catholic dogmas and teachings on pain of excommunication – so in truth they are not Christians any longer, but just "practicing Catholics" to whom the Lord will say: "I do not know you" (Mt 25:12).

Cult of Lucifer in the Vatican (Video)

Jude 1:7

Pope Francis on gays: "Who am I to judge them?"

The Bible on gays:

Rom 1,26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural, 1,27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error.


1)In view of the relative unfamiliarity of the subject, when it comes to biblical statements on the end of the world we do not find – fortunately – so many false teachings in circulation, apart from the dogma of "purgatory" which was quite willfully invented by the Catholic church. This goes back to the 15th and 16th centuries, when based on the "indulgence" of the papal bull Unigenitus of 1343, the church tried to extract money from the pockets of the faithful for the construction of St. Peter’s in Rome – claiming that if they paid for an indulgence, they would not have to go to eternal damnation but would only have to spend a few million years (!) in the fires of purgatory.

2)"Christianity does not consist in words but rather in the power of the Holy Spirit in the believer. The pillars of the temple are not those who attract the admiration of their hearers with their public utterances of ‘Lord, Lord’, but rather those who - at home, in the stillness of their own room, and without any audience - address their prayers to the Lord: these are the ones who really support the congregation."
(Gottfried Daniel Pomacher, a revivalist preacher from Wuppertal)

3)Heading of the address and blessing given by the Pope from St. Peter’s on certain solemn occasions.